5 steps for how to write an abstract example

how to write an abstract example

How To Write an Abstract Example - An abstract is a concise summary of a research paper or other written work. It provides a brief overview of the main points and key findings of the work and is typically included at the beginning of the paper. Writing an effective abstract can be a crucial step in the publishing process, as it is often the first thing that potential readers will read, and it can influence their decision to read the full work.

How to write an abstract example

Here is an example of how to write an abstract for a research paper:

  1. Start by writing a sentence that summarizes the main point of your paper. This sentence should be a clear and concise statement of the problem or question that your research addresses.
  2. Next, write a few sentences that provide some background on the problem or question, including any relevant literature or previous research. This will help to contextualize your work and provide a background for your research.
  3. Then, write a sentence or two that describes the main methods and techniques you used to conduct your research. Be sure to include any relevant details, such as the sample size or the type of data you collected.
  4. Follow up by writing a sentence or two that summarizes the key findings of your research. Make sure that these findings are directly relevant to the problem or question that you stated in step 1.
  5. Finally, end the abstract with a sentence or two that highlights the implications or significance of your findings. Explain how your research contributes to the larger field of study or why it is important for readers to know about it.

Here is an example of an abstract for a research paper:

Title: "The Effects of Exercise on Cognitive Function in Older Adults"

Abstract: This study investigates the effects of exercise on cognitive function in older adults. Previous research has shown that physical activity is associated with improved cognitive function in older adults, but the specific mechanisms by which exercise benefits cognitive function are not well understood. In this study, we recruited 60 older adults (age 60 and above) and randomly assigned them to an exercise group or a control group. Participants in the exercise group participated in a structured exercise program three times a week for 12 weeks, while the control group did not participate in any exercise program. We measured cognitive function using a battery of tests before and after the intervention. Our results showed that the exercise group had significantly improved cognitive function compared to the control group. This study provides further evidence that regular exercise can benefit cognitive function in older adults, and highlights the importance of developing exercise programs that target cognitive function in this population.

This example shows how the abstract start by providing the main point of the research, the effect of exercise on cognitive function in older adults. The background information is given in the next sentence and the methods used in the research are explained in the following one. The key findings of the research and their implications are also mentioned.

Remember to keep the abstract concise, typically around 200-300 words. Also be sure to write it in a way that is easily understood by a general audience, as the abstract may be read by people who are not experts in your field.