How to design a house floor plan – Have a desire to make your own house plan but are confused about how to start? Basically, everyone can learn how to make house plans, including you.
Even though you don't have an architectural or interior background, there are simple steps you can take.
How to make a simple house plan that is easy and ideal for beginners? Let's see the following review.
how to design a house floor plan
1. Characteristics of Making an Ideal House Plan
In order for a house plan that is designed to be ideal, it would be nice for you to pay attention to the following things:
• Multifunctional and Flexible Room
A flexible room turns out to be very helpful in the future, you know, for example a family room that is easily converted into a bedroom or vice versa.
• Ideal Layout
By arranging the room in an ideal and appropriate manner, you can feel comfortable doing activities.
For example, so that you can enjoy a meal quietly in the dining room, you must design the bathroom not facing the dining room.
• Calculating Room Size
Calculating the size of the room is one way to make a good house plan.
With a carefully measured room, you can consider how many people will live in the room and their activities. Is there space to put furniture or furniture?
Is there enough space for activities and stay comfortable?
• Good Air Circulation
Ventilation and doors are important elements in designing a house, so you have to consider where the two air circulation intermediaries will be installed.
In order for the health and cleanliness of the room to be maintained, make sure there is no stuffy or humid room.
2. Choose a House Model (Number of Floors)
Determining the type of house to be built is the first step in how to make a house.
The type of house in question is a house model based on the number of floors, a one-story house or more?
Overall, this clearly affects the process of making the desired floor plan.
You can immediately combine all the rooms into 1 layout if the selected house model is a simple 1-story minimalist house model .
While 2 layouts you must have when choosing a house plan with 2 floors.
The 2 layouts are in the form of separate images in the form of the upstairs and downstairs layouts.
With these two layouts, you can determine what rooms should be placed on the lower or upper floors of the plan.
3. Gather Inspiration and Reference
After determining the type or model of the house, the next step is to collect inspiration and references.
Expand references and inspiration from existing works before imagining the framework of the house design and pouring it in the form of a floor plan.
You can find home design inspiration by visiting exhibitions or reading magazines, by traveling, or other ways to find house plans that have the best design type and style to your liking.
You can also use references from the internet because there are more and more choices. In addition, combining more than one reference can be done so that the design of the dream home is as desired. You can also read other articles: home design images.
4. Create a Space Program for House Plans
Creating a space program for house plans, among others, as follows:
• Determine the Number of Rooms Required
Determine the number of rooms needed, for example how many master bedrooms? How many bathrooms? And so on.
It depends on how many people will live in the house so this need varies from house to house.
What residents will do in the house also varies, for example, certain houses may require a painting studio, a small library, a music room, and so on.
The more space needed, the more it takes up a large area.
Therefore, you must be careful in determining the number of rooms to match the available land. In addition, to save land, you can make a room multifunctional.
Likewise with the need for many bedrooms and bathrooms.
A big family consisting of grandparents and their grandchildren, of course, requires at least three bedrooms or more, don't make a floor plan with a lack of bathrooms, OK!
• Studying the Size Requirements of Each Room
Before starting to draw house plans, knowing the space requirements is a must.
Make a list of what activities you and other residents will do at home along with the room that will be used as a means of carrying out these activities.
To be clear, calculate the area of each room after knowing how many and what rooms are needed according to the available area.
Study each room that will be built and its needs, whether the room needs openings or not and the standard size of each room.
For example, how much area is needed for the bathroom so that the bathtub and shower can be placed into it?
The garage that will be built can fit how many vehicles?
Before learning how to make a house plan, you should consider these questions well and of course, adjust to the availability of land to build the desired house.
• Set Room Placement or Zoning
Zoning here means that you have to arrange the location of the room according to its function properly and appropriately.
For example, don't make your home uncomfortable by placing the bathroom near the living room.
Of course you don't want to be seen by visiting guests when you want to go to the toilet, right?
Therefore, room zoning is needed in making house plans.
You have to determine which is the public area and which is the private area in the house for the convenience of doing activities.
Make sure each zone of the room doesn't interfere with each other to keep it functioning properly.
For example, private zones are bedrooms and bathrooms, where outsiders cannot step into them carelessly.
While the common areas are the living room and kitchen. It will be easier to divide the public zone and the private zone if you make a 2-story house plan. Usually private areas such as bedrooms will be placed on the top floor.
A room with a private area is certainly needed in making a home design. Therefore, in this process you should do it carefully.
5. Start Sketching the House Plan with Lines
You have determined the reference for the house plan and what room you need, so the next step is to start sketching a house plan with lines. Scaledly, start describing the site or land that you own.
In an era that is increasingly sophisticated and instantaneous as it is today, there are many home design applications that can make it easier and help you in making house plans. Among them are SketchUp Free , DreamPlan , Home Design 3D , and many more.
You can use millimeter block paper to make this process easier because it will help each simple line draw to fit the desired scale to describe what the house will look like.
The basic plan with these lines is of course still very raw so there may be many more parts that will be changed.
When starting to outline it, don't forget to consider the size of the room according to a good standard.
This is done so that the size of the land is sufficient for each room on the house plan.
6. Provide Detailed House Plans and Start Furniture Arrangement on House Plans
Providing details on the basic floor plan that you have is an important process after finding the most suitable arrangement.
You can provide details starting from adding the thickness of the doors, walls, and windows. In addition, the furniture and furnishings in every room in the plan will also improve if given details.
Details can be measurements, notations, and other architectural details to make the floor plan clearer. In order not to always look at the front of the house, a sketch of the house can be made in such a way.
The more detailed the basic plan, the better. That means, you better understand what kind of house you want.
7. Do a trial and create an alternative house plan
You may encounter obstacles when entering space and adjusting the size in the house plan that has been made, for example land that does not fit and the position of the room is not quite right.
Therefore, the sketch of the house plan may need to be reworked several times to find the arrangement and formula for the most suitable floor plan.
A plan that fits and matches your wishes is certainly the goal you want to achieve in making your own plan, right?
Therefore, there is nothing wrong with providing alternative house plans until the plan can be your most appropriate and appropriate choice.
Sometimes, the function of a space that is not so priority needs to be removed or its function combined with another room.
This is done so that on the house plan all space requirements can be met. You can also read other articles: home front design.
8. Re-evaluate the house plan that you have made
Compare it with other plans or imagine it in the form of a real space when you have given details to the plan, you can adjust any sizes and standards, this is called evaluation.
Of course it will be easier to imagine what your dream dwelling will look like along with the atmosphere and composition of the spaces in it with the basic plan that has been made.
Visualizing what your ideas and desires will certainly make it easier for designers and architects to make them happen.
9. The Best House Plan Alternative
Finding the best house sketch alternative is an equally important thing to do after you have a basic house plan.
Ways that can be tried are to reverse the zoning of the room, rotate the basic house plan, or swap positions between rooms.
That way later you can choose which one is the best from the many versions of the house sketch.
10. Creating a Floor Plan with the Autocad Application
The rapid development of technology can of course be used for various purposes, including in making house plans.
By using the application, the plans that you create can be more detailed and clear in addition to making the basic picture with fine lines.
You can create house plans with AutoCAD Architecture which is an Autodesk design software provided for free.
This application makes home designs easier to arrange with the way architects work, fast, and architectural-style preparation.
This application allows you to create stunning designs and documentation more easily and with many choices because there are more than 8000 architectural objects, including constructs and toolsets to choose from.
Steps to Make a House Plan
After knowing the tips and applications for making house plans with a general description, then you can listen to reviews on how to make small house plans, for example the following type 36.
You can use the autocad application for home designs as discussed above for more detail.
1. Make a To Do List
This is the very first step in making a house plan, namely by making a list of activities that will be carried out later in the room.
For example, if you are a Youtuber who often creates video content that requires a recording studio.
You can add a mini studio to the list of rooms to be made.
Or make a spacious kitchen for those of you who like to cook to stay comfortable when spending a lot of time in the kitchen.
Or it could be with a wide and comfortable library for those of you who like to read.
2. Determine the Number of Rooms
The second step in making a floor plan after making a list of activities is to determine the number of floors and the number of rooms that will be created.
You can survey the existing room and make room partitions as needed, this is done if the building already exists.
Meanwhile, if the building does not yet exist, you can design a house plan according to the location and size of the land where the house will be built.
3. Measuring Land
Start measuring doors, walls, and related furniture so that the house plan can be more accurate if the building is already in place.
If you build it on vacant land, the treatment will be different. So, make sure the total land matches the place where you want the house to be built.
As a reference and an estimate of the results of the plan that will be made later, you can see other buildings around the area.
4. Start Making the Ground Plan
To make a basic plan, you only need simple lines that are adjusted in thickness and thinness.
The basic plan does look simple, but it is useful to get a general idea of how the house will be built later.
5. Draw a Specific Window and Door
In order to be easily distinguished, the door and window images should have their own shape.
In addition, you have to make sure the direction to the floor plan is correct.
6. Naming Each Room
Give each room a name so you don't get confused.
The name doesn't need to be long, the important thing is clear, for example, the room in the corner will be made a bathroom, so you name it "Bathroom".
7. Draw Furniture According to Its Location
This is done so that you can estimate whether there is still an empty area to walk around or not.
Adjust it to the size of the available land, so that the size of the furniture can fit.
8. Giving Texture Distinction
Cement, ceramic, and brick walls certainly have a distinctive texture. Therefore, you can use shading with different patterns and directions so you don't get confused.
For example, draw a brick pattern if you want the front wall of the house to be made of bricks.
Video How to Make a House Plan
Understanding how to make a house plan can indeed be a challenge in itself, because actually anyone can make it so that the dream house becomes a reality.
Ready to get creative with the house plan you want?