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14 styles of houses and cottages: from classic to modern

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styles of houses and cottages: from classic to modern

What are the different styles of homes?

gmboel.com - The first task in the design of a private residential house, cottage is the choice of style. The number of storeys depends on this, as well as what sizes and shapes the windows and doors will be, how much building material needs to be purchased. Today, the most often chosen styles of country houses are classic, Romanesque, Scandinavian, Italian, modern. Architectural classics of Russian, Scandinavian, English and Mediterranean trends are always relevant.


Design solutions for the exteriors of houses with hints of the cultures of different countries are typical for chalets, Provence, half-timbered houses, chateau and country. They are still in demand by lovers of European antiquity and charm. Among the oriental styles, the most relevant today is Japanese. In many ways, its harmony and the possibility of arranging the space according to the rules of Taoist philosophy - Feng Shui, captivates. You can also read other articles: Types of risks in construction projects.

The cottage design
The cottage design
The cottage is designed in two style directions - chalet and half-timbered house Source spb.home-projects.ru

Japanese style house

High floor-to-ceiling windows, lattice trim, a low roof and a large terrace give out Japanese house style in the architecture of the house.


Adherents of innovation, minimalism, everything technogenic, ideal lines of geometry prefer to build their houses in the style of high-tech, cubism or constructivism. These projects have such features: an abundance of glass, fairly wide windows to the floor, a lot of free space, meager or futuristic decor, a strict landscape of the local area. There should be nothing superfluous here. At the same time, every detail must be functional. You can also read other articles: Interior design trends.

Modern style house

The project of the cottage is designed concise and simplified in all architectural details Source scuola-stile.com

Modern style house

Intricate superstructures, cubic shapes, contrasting color schemes of home design are close to strict geometry Source arxip.com


Examples of modern styles of houses and cottages

In total, there are more than 40 styles in their pure form for the construction of a country house. To this number is added a large number of mixed architectural trends. The choice of a particular style often depends on the area of ​​the house.


For example, building a small dwelling with ambitious marble columns at the entrance or tall arched windows will create disharmony. All elements must be proportional, visually balanced. To understand what a house should be like, consider several popular style options. You can also read other articles: intricacies of building structures


Provence Style House

Cottages or private houses in the Provence style house have in themselves a unique harmony of the charm of love for everything traditional, conservative and rural simplicity. Inside, the wooden beams are completely exposed. They are painted, varnished or whitewashed.

Provence Style House

Interior of a wooden house in the style of Provence - beams, painted with white paint surface of the ceiling, walls Source arxip.com


The outdoor design can be different, but it always resembles a quiet rural life. Some houses are just brick or stone without decoration. Others are plastered, painted in light colors and decorated with contrasting elements of the protruding frame. Such solutions are very popular:

  • white walls and blue frame beams and window shutters
  • beige masonry and light brown roofing.

Whitewashed or white painted Provence style house Source michaelzingraf.com


Characteristic features of the exteriors of Provence style house:

  • Mandatory presence of windows with ledges directly from the roofs (bay windows). There are also such bizarre options where such a window occupies part of the facade wall and part of the roof along the vertical plane.
  • Chimneys for fireplaces or stoves run along the outer side walls.
  • The shape of door and window openings is simple straight or arched.
  • Small terrace, balcony or veranda allowed.


When building the Provence style house, only natural building materials are used. These are wood, stone, clay, ceramic tiles, whitewash. Neat garden paths are always paved near the house. Everything is decorated with a large number of baskets, pots with fresh flowers. You can also read other articles: Small Garden Inspirations.

Provence style house

The simplicity of the masonry, peeping out from under the plaster, high chimneys, bay windows - Provence style house classic Source domikarkas.ru


Classic Style House

The classical style house of architecture of a country house or cottage can also be called European. The severity of the forms, the absence of frills in the decor, simplicity and functionality - the main thing that distinguishes such a solution from others.


Style features:

  • The shape of the building is square, rectangular.
  • Decor - sophisticated bay windows of attic floors, inserts and stone, lanterns or lamps.
  • The roof can be either 2 or 4 pitched.
  • Number of storeys - from 1 to 3-4 floors (also basement).
  • Roofing material - metal.
  • The shape of windows and doorways is straight or arched.
  • The size of the windows is average.
  • Facade finishing material - facing brick, plaster.


The cladding of the basement is laid out with stone, the rest of the house is plastered or painted.

classic style house

The in the classic style house has strict straight and orderly lines, simple designs, neutral tones and a minimum of decor. Source avk-project.com


Modern Style House

The modern style house of the exterior of country houses arose at the turn of the century - the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. He is still loved by those who are used to adhering to a sense of proportion in everything. Projects of such dwellings may already allow for ornate decor or contours of facade elements to dilute strict lines.

modern style house

The facade of the house is made with interesting three-level smooth curves, complemented by an interesting edging - white stucco molding Source fotostrana.ru


Features in detail:

  • Suitable for arranging large and small families.
  • Creative people will like it.
  • It is encouraged to fill the design with smooth lines, bends, rounded corners, where possible.
  • The contrast of shades is complemented by a third color. He focuses on a specific area.
  • Instead of symmetry, a gravitation towards naturalness is used.
  • Finishing materials - brick, stone, tiles (glazed ceramics), plaster, paint, stained glass and mosaics.
  • Decor - stucco molding with plant, animal ornaments, forged metal elements.
  • Complex internal layout - grouping of premises around a large hall.


Rounding is used in arched structures of windows, doorways. Grace finds itself in the design of barriers to balconies, steps, stairs. The columns of the terraces or the front entrance can be asymmetrical with smooth curves. An interesting roofing approach is that some parts of the house have a domed roof where the edges hang directly onto the walls. You can also read other articles: Indoor ornamental plants.

modern style house

The house is designed with a lot of smoothly curved surfaces Source moreremonta.info


The color scheme of Art Nouveau houses or cottages is filled with calm, but always contrasting shades. Such combinations are now popular: 

  • dark brown, muted yellow and brown with a shade of burgundy;
  • red brick, white plaster and bluish stucco on a light background;
  • completely monochromatic light facade and massive dark roof;
  • play of all shades of brown - from light to dark, complemented by glasses with tinted gold;
  • sand facade, cream foundation and decorative framing of arched passages, door and window frames.


The result is an ideal combination of laconicism, geometric shapes and whimsical solutions (turrets, round windows, graceful steps). 


Chalet Style House

For the style of a country house - a chalet style house, a combination of masonry, brick with wooden elements is characteristic. The name comes from the French Alps. The first "chalets" were small buildings that provided shelter from the winter chill in the mountains for a short time. They subsequently became the typical split-level village houses that are set on uneven mountainous terrain.

chalet style house

Building on a stone base with a completely wooden second floor Source uutvdome.ru


The main differences are:

  • Fits well in hilly, mountainous and wooded landscapes.
  • The lower part is made of stone, the upper one is made of wood, or finished with solid wood.
  • The roof is always gable with a canopy overhanging strongly in front. This helps protect the home from the snowstorm.
  • Roof covering - shingles from natural materials or shingles from heavy-duty tree species (larch, cedar).
  • Wall decoration - cladding with wild stone, brick or rough whitewash.
  • The presence of terraces, balconies on supports. Everything is made of wood.
  • Some projects include large panoramic windows, others small ones with shutters, typical of a village dwelling.
  • The profiles of double-glazed windows are made of wood only.
  • Number of storeys - 2 and less often 3-storey houses and cottages.


The style has its own directions. They were formed under the influence of ethnicity and culture, the climate of different Western countries. There are such chalet options:

  • Scandinavian style house
  • Belgian style house
  • German style house
  • English style house
  • American style house

chalet style house

Modern design of a multi-level house in a German chalet style, typical of mountainous and hilly terrain Source avatars.mds.yandex.net


The second name, generalizing all the mentioned branches, is the Alpine style. Everything here is so practical that even the decor is practical. For example, balcony railings are often used to hang flower pots on them during the warmer months. Wooden profiles and beams - for hanging street lamps on them, and indoors - for kitchen utensils. You can also read other articles: Shelving ideas DIY.


Russian architectural style house

A cottage or a private country house in the Russian style house must be built of strong logs. If such a solution turns out to be too expensive, then new generation technologies are used - block houses. Thanks to this solution, the house is also built of wood, but with an imitation of a full-fledged log house.


The house can be completely wooden. But there are options when the basement is laid out of stone or brick. Russians have long had large families. The so-called public rooms have always been located on the lower tier - for example, a large kitchen. The lower tier is a basement or first floor, depending on the regional characteristics of the soil and climate.


The decor is usually also wood. These are various threaded elements - pillars, barriers, facade balusters (for degrees, balconies, terraces). Wooden shutters are always decorated with typical carvings, repeating Russian ornaments, plants, animals or fairy-tale patterns.

Russian style house

A log house with a spacious terrace, elongated from the facade into the distance, decorated with wood carvings, pillars and shutters Source avatars.mds.yandex.net


It is interesting that the carving can be both volumetric, embossed, and through. The latter version strongly resembles lace from a distance. Such decorating techniques are used to decorate cornices, brackets or overhangs of roofs, fences, interfloor overhangs. No two houses are alike. Every Russian house is unique. You can also read other articles:  How to Soundproof Your House.


Roman Style House

The monastic or serf styles of country houses evolved over time into a solid and massive Roman style house. Here you can easily guess the fusion of several directions - the classics of the Renaissance, the Gothic and the fortification inaccessibility of the chateau.

Roman style house

House-palace with Gothic elements in the arrangement of the roof. The chateau style is given out by the castle tower and chimneys Source avatars.mds.yandex.net


Features of the Romanesque concept:

  • Everything is made of rough stones.
  • The external decoration is modest, without decoration. Everything resembles a fortress or fort.
  • Architectural forms gravitate towards austerity without frills.
  • The walls and roof are massive.
  • Window openings are narrow.
  • The steps are recessed under the arches and run between the pillars.
  • Hexagonal, round, and other roof options are covered with tiles.
  • Facade shades are always close to natural.


Often, such houses are decorated with entwined ivy, interesting balusters of balconies, and few stone statues. All outbuildings must be attached to the house.


Scandinavian style house

Scandinavian style house and cottages are very close in functionality to warm Russian huts. They are of interest to people living in cold regions of the country. The peculiarity of such dwellings is to be as practical as possible, to withstand various ravages of the elements, weather conditions.

Scandinavian style house

The simplicity of the Scandinavian-style house architecture is strongly offset by practicality Source avatars.mds.yandex.net


Characteristics:

  • Laconic design.
  • Warmth, comfort and coziness are important components of the project.
  • The dimensions are compact. Dimensional structures are rare.
  • The maximum number of floors is 2.
  • Basements and basements are not foreseen.
  • A terrace, spacious porch or balcony are a must.
  • The roof is 2-pitched or flat.
  • Roof covering - any quality tile.
  • Exterior wall decoration - wood material, painted in a light tone. Painting with red facade paint is allowed.
  • Door and window openings are wide and large. This is designed to bring in more natural light into the rooms.

Scandinavian style house

The simplicity of the shape of the house, a steep 2-pitched roof is complemented by a spacious terrace and panoramic windows on the first floor.


Scandinavian houses are built exclusively from natural building materials. There are no bright or pretentious decorations in their decor. The emphasis is only on keeping warm inside the building and on the strength of walls, doors, windows, and roofs. They must be able to withstand winds, snow, frost, cold rain and damp fog. You can also read other articles: soundproof room.


Country

The style of country cottages or houses is in many ways similar to Provence. Only the last option is easier on visual perception. Country music is a traditional village dwelling. It looks different in every country. It differs from Provence in dark shades, some roughness of forms.


Country specific details:

  • Lack of pretentiousness, grace, chic. Everything is done in a laconic, simple and practical way.
  • The decor necessarily reflects national characteristics. These can be ornaments, symbols, attributes.
  • A large number of structural elements from an array of solid wood species.
  • Wood blends harmoniously with wild (rough) stone.
  • The windows are small, they always have external, internal shutters, window sills.
  • If the project provides for balconies, then they are small in size.
  • The veranda is mounted on four massive wooden posts. The walls can be decorated with ceramic tiles.
  • Complex 2 or 4 pitched roofs. Their cover is shingles, tiles, straw.
  • Low foundation is not decorated.


The main feature of the architectural structure is massive rough logs and stones in the masonry.

Country style house

Cottage made of rough rough logs in country architectural design Source artisanloghomes.com


Mediterranean style house

Houses in the style of the culture of the Mediterranean coast are distinguished by their pretty simplicity and practicality. The decoration is always done in light colors. Roofs are mostly terracotta colored.


Characteristics:

  • Flat, or with a slight slope of the roof, covered with tiles from natural materials.
  • A covered terrace or balcony must be adjoined to the facade.
  • The small windows have external shutters.
  • Decor - stepped or curved lines of brackets holding the roof structure.


There is one interesting feature of Mediterranean houses - their balconies or terraces are always comfortably furnished. Light fixtures and comfortable furniture are certainly installed. The entire space is decorated with boxes of vegetation. You can also read other articles: l shaped kitchen designs for small kitchens.

Mediterranean style house

The house has sloping, almost flat roofs, wide windows, a light facade, typical of Mediterranean architecture. Source avatars.mds.yandex.net


Fachwerk Style house

Using the style of a country house - half-timbered, they get a project of a Bavarian or other European structure, in which part of the frame looks outward. It is treated with antiseptics and covered with multi-layer paint. Between the frame beams, the space was previously filled with a mixture of clay and straw, clay and reeds. Then everything was plastered.


Today the technologies are different, but the principle is preserved. The frame is filled with sandwich panels or gypsum plasterboards, between which a heater, a wind insulator and a steam trap are laid. From inside the house, communications are laid (electrical, pipes, ventilation) and everything is sewn up with another sheet of drywall on the profiles. Outside, the interframe space is plastered, whitewashed or painted.

Fachwerk Style house

The frame of the house partially looks outward, painted in a color contrasting with the shade of the facade Source fotokto.ru


Features of half-timbered houses:

  • The wooden frame serves as both the basis of the structure and its decor.
  • The decoration is created according to the principle of contrast - a light facade, a dark frame.
  • Balconies, terraces, roofs, roof brackets, storm water pipes - everything is painted in a dark color to match the tone of the frame.
  • The roof is made of shingles or shingles. It is permissible to use artificial materials that imitate them.


Today, half-timbered house projects predominantly provide for the installation of panoramic windows. Previously, the windows were small.

Fachwerk Style house

Panoramic windows are characteristic of a modern half-timbered house. Source zen.yandex.com


Chateau Style House

The style of castles in medieval France is a chateau, today many owners of country mansions like it. The outlines of the structure resemble a romantic castle and an impregnable fortress at the same time.


Details that stand out for the chateau style in the houses:

  • The whole structure is asymmetric, it does not have special rigor.
  • The house has many separate or protruding elements. From this it resembles separate puzzles of the general design.
  • The presence of towers, outbuildings of a rounded or hexagonal shape.
  • High stove or chimney flues. Some extend beyond the level of the outer walls. Others are hidden inside the house, leaving only a pipe above the roof.
  • Building material - stone, brick.
  • Finishing - facing brick.
  • The house looks like a complex of different parts - attics, terraces, balconies, bay windows, dormer windows.
  • Weather vane, mini-turrets, spiers stand out from the additional decor.
  • Often the color of the roof matches the color of the walls.


The basement floors of such houses are always high - almost full-fledged first floors. The basement space contains all the utility rooms - garage, storeroom, kitchen, workshop, barn. In total, the project of the chateau house provides for 2 or 3 floors.

Chateau Style House

The architecture of the house in the French style of the chateau is replete with various turrets, spiers, fillets and extensions Source proekt-sam.ru


Japanese style house

The oriental style is easily guessed at just one glance at a cottage or house. On all four sides, the roof protrudes strongly forward, thus providing a covered terrace along the contour of the entire structure.


Houses are built on one or two floors. The constructions are simple. The decoration has a more lattice structure in dark natural shades, set against a background of light smooth walls. Building materials - wood, stone.


The roofs have a sloping shape, characteristic of Japanese houses - the edges bent upwards. Ancient Far Eastern philosophy teaches that such protrusions drive away unkind spirits from the house. The adjacent territory is necessarily well-groomed in an oriental manner.

Japanese style house

Far Eastern Japanese home design - perfectly smooth lines and surfaces, an ensemble of walls and roofs in the form of a pagoda Source avatars.mds.yandex.net


English style house

All English style houses are distinguished by the sophistication of design taste. The severity of forms, the breadth of space and a bit of elegant luxury are read here. The technology for the construction of such objects allows you to end up with a house that will last for more than one generation - 300 years and longer.

English style house

The house in the style of the era of Gregorian England is distinguished by a harmonious combination of symmetry, severity and simplicity Source avatars.mds.yandex.net


Features:

  • Suitable for large objects - residences, estates, country villas.
  • The fortress and monumentality of the entire structure makes it possible to equip the family estate and pass it on to generations.
  • Severity of lines, clear outlines, correct symmetry, proportionality and harmony are required.
  • Light and unobtrusive pretentiousness of decor - they often resort to installing balustrades, balconies, columns.
  • Statues at the front door and small architectural forms at the house are allowed.
  • Most of the materials for construction are smooth plaster, facade painting in light colors, brick, natural stone, marble, tiles from natural components for roofing, cast iron or steel forging for fences.


It is necessary to take into account one important detail - the large space of the adjoining area. Around the building, a garden, walking paths or flower beds must be divided according to the laws of symmetry. Shrubs, trees, hedges are neatly trimmed. Topiary is installed - garden figures of plants climbing on a rigid frame. You can also read other articles: homebase fence plants.


Italian Renaissance style homes

The ambitious exterior of the house, with columns, pylons and pilasters, is the first indication that the building was designed in the Italian Renaissance style. Here the main rule appears - the massive lower part should gradually lighten up. The design was formed on the basis of ancient Greek and Roman art and culture.

Italian style homes

The lower part is decorated with columns of a terrace, massive arched windows and doors are made, the roof is almost flat Source avatars.mds.yandex.net


Features:

  1. Suitable for country villas, estates, estates, residences.
  2. Building materials - granite, marble.
  3. Finishing materials - smooth plaster of light shades, gold painting, marbled tiles, wild or natural hewn smooth stone.
  4. Forms are sophisticated, simple and graceful. The massiveness, heavyness of the structure should be avoided here.
  5. Two types of roofs are steep, gentle.
  6. The shape of the building is a rectangle.
  7. Additional elements - turrets, balconies, colonnades, various superstructures, arches, bas-reliefs.
  8. The cornices of windows and doors are massive.
  9. Window openings are evenly spaced.
  10. The premises are spacious and bright.
  11. The ceilings of the rooms are high.

  • Suitable for country villas, estates, estates, residences.
  • Building materials - granite, marble.
  • Finishing materials - smooth plaster of light shades, gold painting, marbled tiles, wild or natural hewn smooth stone.
  • Forms are sophisticated, simple and graceful. The massiveness, heavyness of the structure should be avoided here.
  • Two types of roofs are steep, gentle.
  • The shape of the building is a rectangle.
  • Additional elements - turrets, balconies, colonnades, various superstructures, arches, bas-reliefs.
  • The cornices of windows and doors are massive.
  • Window openings are evenly spaced.
  • The premises are spacious and bright.
  • The ceilings of the rooms are high.


When creating a project of a country house in the style of Renaissance Italy, it is important to achieve lightness and airiness of perception. Here one can see the aspirations of the structure up to the heavens, as it were, soaring.


Conclusion

Those who love antiquity and rural simplicity will like the options for house designs in styles: chalet, half-timbered, country or Provence. Adherents of minimalism will like hi-tech design solutions, cubism or an attractive modern asymmetry. Connoisseurs of the Eastern ethnos and culture can choose among projects of houses and cottages in the Japanese style.

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